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  • A LGR5 reporter pig model closely resembles human intestine for improved study of stem cells in disease.

A LGR5 reporter pig model closely resembles human intestine for improved study of stem cells in disease.

FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (2023-05-09)
Cecilia R Schaaf, Kathryn M Polkoff, Amber Carter, Amy S Stewart, Breanna Sheahan, John Freund, Joshua Ginzel, Joshua C Snyder, Jatin Roper, Jorge A Piedrahita, Liara M Gonzalez
ABSTRACT

Intestinal epithelial stem cells (ISCs) are responsible for intestinal epithelial barrier renewal; thereby, ISCs play a critical role in intestinal pathophysiology research. While transgenic ISC reporter mice are available, advanced translational studies lack a large animal model. This study validates ISC isolation in a new porcine Leucine Rich Repeat Containing G Protein-Coupled Receptor 5 (LGR5) reporter line and demonstrates the use of these pigs as a novel colorectal cancer (CRC) model. We applied histology, immunofluorescence, fluorescence-activated cell sorting, flow cytometry, gene expression quantification, and 3D organoid cultures to whole tissue and single cells from the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and colon of LGR5-H2B-GFP and wild-type pigs. Ileum and colon LGR5-H2B-GFP, healthy human, and murine biopsies were compared by mRNA fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). To model CRC, adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) mutation was induced by CRISPR/Cas9 editing in porcine LGR5-H2B-GFP colonoids. Crypt-base, green fluorescent protein (GFP) expressing cells co-localized with ISC biomarkers. LGR5-H2B-GFPhi cells had significantly higher LGR5 expression (p < .01) and enteroid forming efficiency (p < .0001) compared with LGR5-H2B-GFPmed/lo/neg cells. Using FISH, similar LGR5, OLFM4, HOPX, LYZ, and SOX9 expression was identified between human and LGR5-H2B-GFP pig crypt-base cells. LGR5-H2B-GFP/APCnull colonoids had cystic growth in WNT/R-spondin-depleted media and significantly upregulated WNT/β-catenin target gene expression (p < .05). LGR5+ ISCs are reproducibly isolated in LGR5-H2B-GFP pigs and used to model CRC in an organoid platform. The known anatomical and physiologic similarities between pig and human, and those shown by crypt-base FISH, underscore the significance of this novel LGR5-H2B-GFP pig to translational ISC research.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Lectin, Ulex europaeus-I antibody produced in rabbit, whole antiserum, delipidized
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Sox9 Antibody, Chemicon®, from rabbit