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  • Synthesis and receptor binding of N-substituted tropane derivatives. High-affinity ligands for the cocaine receptor.

Synthesis and receptor binding of N-substituted tropane derivatives. High-affinity ligands for the cocaine receptor.

Journal of medicinal chemistry (1991-05-01)
R A Milius, J K Saha, B K Madras, J L Neumeyer
ABSTRACT

The synthesis and pharmacological characterization of a series of N-substituted 3-(4-fluorophenyl)tropane derivatives is reported. The compounds displayed binding characteristics that paralleled those of cocaine, and several had substantially higher affinity at cocaine recognition sites. Conjugate addition of 4-fluorophenyl magnesium bromide to anhydroecgonine methyl ester gave 2 beta-(carbomethoxy)-3 beta-(4-fluorophenyl)tropane (4a, designated CFT, also known as WIN 35,428) after flash chromatography. N demethylation of 4a was effected by Zn/HOAc reduction of the corresponding 2,2,2-trichloroethyl carbamate to give 2 beta-carbomethoxy-3 beta-(4-fluorophenyl)nortropane (5), which was alkylated with allyl bromide to afford the N-allyl analogue, 6. The N-propyl analogue, 7, was prepared by catalytic reduction (Pd/C) of 6. The most potent analogue, 4a, was tritiated at a specific activity of 81.3 Ci/mmol. [3H]4a bound rapidly and reversibly to caudate putamen membranes; the two-component binding curve typical of cocaine analogues was observed. Equilibrium was achieved within 2 h and was stable for at least 4 h. High- and low-affinity Kd values observed for [3H]4a (4.7 and 60 nM, respectively) were more than 4 times lower than those for [3H]cocaine, and the density of binding sites (Bmax = 50 pmol/g, high, and 290 pmol/g, low) for the two drugs were comparable. Nonspecific binding of [3H]4a was 5-10% of total binding.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
4-Fluorophenylmagnesium bromide solution, 2.0 M in diethyl ether
Sigma-Aldrich
4-Fluorophenylmagnesium bromide solution, 1.0 M in THF