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  • Inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis in cultured fibroblasts by D003, a mixture of very long chain saturated fatty acids.

Inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis in cultured fibroblasts by D003, a mixture of very long chain saturated fatty acids.

Pharmacological research (2001-10-11)
R Menéndez, R Más, A M Amor, I Rodeiros, R M Gonzalez, J L Alfonso
ABSTRACT

The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of D003, a mixture of very long chain saturated fatty acids isolated and purified from sugar cane wax, on cholesterol biosynthesis in cultured fibroblasts. Cholesterol biosynthesis is regulated through feedback regulation of at least two sequentially acting enzymes, 3-hydroxy-3-methyl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) synthase and reductase. They are up-regulated when sterol levels fall and down-regulated when sterol levels rise. The exposure of cultured fibroblasts to a lipid-depleted medium (LDM) and D003 (0.05-50 microg ml(-1)) for 12 h inhibited, in a dose-dependent manner, cholesterol biosynthesis from 14C-labelled acetate (33-68%). The addition of D003 at concentrations inhibiting cholesterol biosynthesis from labelled acetate significantly decreased incorporation of radioactivity from 3H2O into sterols, but not from 14C-mevalonate. These data indicate that D003 inhibits cholesterol biosynthesis by interfering with early steps of cholesterol biosynthetic pathway. We reasoned that D003 acts directly on HMG-CoA reductase, the main regulatory enzyme of cholesterol biosynthetic pathway. However, when enzyme activity was measured in cell extracts in the presence of various concentrations of D003 (0.5-50 microg ml(-1)), reductase activity was not inhibited. Thus, there was no evidence for a competitive or non-competitive inhibition of enzyme activity by D003. Treatment with D003 significantly suppressed (68%) the enzyme up-regulation when cells were cultured in LDM, which suggests a depression of de novo synthesis of HMG-CoA reductase and/or a stimulation of its degradation. However, since the suppressive action of D003 on cholesterol biosynthesis was observed in metabolic conditions under which synthase up-regulation was also enhanced, we cannot rule out a possible effect of D003 on HMG-CoA synthase. Thus, further studies are needed to clarify the precise mechanism of the inhibitory effect of D003 on cholesterol biosynthesis.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Octacosanoic acid, synthetic, ≥98%