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  • Biotransformation of p-xylene and 2,6-dimethylnaphthalene by xylene monooxygenase cloned from a Sphingomonas isolate.

Biotransformation of p-xylene and 2,6-dimethylnaphthalene by xylene monooxygenase cloned from a Sphingomonas isolate.

Applied microbiology and biotechnology (2002-09-13)
M Bramucci, M Singh, V Nagarajan
ABSTRACT

Sphingomonas strain ASU1 was isolated from an industrial wastewater bioreactor and grew on 2,6-dimethylnaphthalene (2,6-DMN) as the sole carbon/energy source. The genes for a xylene monooxygenase were cloned from strain ASU1. Expression of the ASU1 xylene monooxygenase was compared to expression of the pWWO xylene monooxygenase in Escherichia coli. Both monooxygenases transformed p-xylene and 2,6-DMN by initially hydroxylating one methyl group. In addition, the ASU1 monooxygenase also hydroxylated the second methyl group on p-xylene and 2,6-DMN whereas the pWWO monooxygenase hydroxylated the second methyl group only on p-xylene. Endogenous E. coli enzymes contributed to further oxidation of the resulting aromatic alcohols to form aromatic carboxylates.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
2,6-Dimethylnaphthalene, 99%