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Influence of fatty acids on wine foaming.

Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (2002-11-14)
Magdalena Gallart, Elvira López-Tamames, Gabriel Suberbiola, Susana Buxaderas
ABSTRACT

The influence of fatty acids (free and bound as ethyl esters) on wine foaming was studied in different white wines and the corresponding sparkling wines. Moreover, from three of these wines the foam formed by CO(2) injection was separated, and two fractions were then obtained: foam wine (FW) and remainder wine (RW). In these fractions and the sparkling wines produced from them, foam properties and fatty acids were also determined. The free fatty acids C8, C10, and C12 were negatively correlated with foamability (HM), whereas the ethyl esters of hexanoic, octanoic, and decanoic acids were positively related to HM. The value of HM was directly proportional to the ratio of esterified to unesterified fatty acids. This was confirmed by the changes that occur in the esterification ratio during the second fermentation and aging. No influence was observed on either the Bikerman coefficient or the stability time of foam.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl decanoate, natural, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl decanoate, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl decanoate, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%