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  • Headspace in-tube extraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of hydroxylic methyl-derivatized and volatile organic compounds in blood and urine.

Headspace in-tube extraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of hydroxylic methyl-derivatized and volatile organic compounds in blood and urine.

Journal of analytical toxicology (2010-04-22)
Ilpo Rasanen, Jenni Viinamäki, Erkki Vuori, Ilkka Ojanperä
ABSTRACT

A novel headspace in-tube extraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (ITEX-GC-MS) approach was developed for broad-scale analysis of low molecular weight organic compounds in blood and/or urine. One sample was analyzed following in-vial derivatization with dimethyl sulfate for ethylene glycol (EG), glycolic acid (GA), formic acid (FA), other hydroxylic compounds, and another sample for underivatized volatile organic compounds. Tenax adsorbent resin was used in the microtrap, and a porous layer, open tubular GC capillary column was used for separation. MS was operated in the full-scan mode, identification was based on the Automated Mass Spectral Deconvolution and Identification System, and quantification was based on extracted ions. The limits of quantification for EG, GA, and FA in blood were 10, 50, and 30 mg/L, respectively, and the expanded uncertainties of measurement were 20%, 16%, and 14%, respectively. The procedure allowed for the first time the inclusion of EG and GA as their methyl derivatives within a quantitative HS analysis. The ITEX method described here was more sensitive for analysis of volatile organic compounds than the corresponding static headspace analysis as demonstrated for 11 representative compounds.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfate, puriss. p.a., ≥99.0% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfate, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfate, ≥99.5%
Supelco
Phenol solution, 100 μg/mL in acetonitrile, PESTANAL®, analytical standard
Supelco
Methyl formate, analytical standard