MilliporeSigma
  • Highly selective and sensitive DNA assay based on electrocatalytic oxidation of ferrocene bearing zinc(II)-cyclen complexes with diethylamine.

Highly selective and sensitive DNA assay based on electrocatalytic oxidation of ferrocene bearing zinc(II)-cyclen complexes with diethylamine.

Journal of the American Chemical Society (2010-07-06)
Muhammad J A Shiddiky, Angel A J Torriero, Zhanghua Zeng, Leone Spiccia, Alan M Bond
ABSTRACT

A highly selective and sensitive electrochemical biosensor has been developed that detects DNA hybridization by employing the electrocatalytic activity of ferrocene (Fc) bearing cyclen complexes (cyclen = 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane, Fc[Zn(cyclen)H(2)O](2)(ClO(4))(4) (R1), Fc(cyclen)(2) (R2), Fc[Zn(cyclen)H(2)O](ClO(4))(2) (R3), and Fc(cyclen) (R4)). A sandwich-type approach, which involves hybridization of a target probe hybridized with the preimmobilized thiolated capture probe attached to a gold electrode, is employed to fabricate a DNA duplex layer. Electrochemical signals are generated by voltammetric interrogation of a Fc bearing Zn-cyclen complexes that selectively and quantitatively binds to the duplex layers through strong chelation between the cyclen complexes and particular nucleobases within the DNA sequence. Chelate formation between R1 or R3 and thymine bases leads to the perturbation of base-pair (A-T) stacking in the duplex structure, which greatly diminishes the yield of DNA-mediated charge transport and displays a marked selectivity to the presence of the target DNA sequence. Coupling the redox chemistry of the surface-bound Fc bearing Zn-cyclen complex and dimethylamine provides an electrocatalytic pathway that increases sensitivity of the assay and allows the 100 fM target DNA sequence to be detected. Excellent selectivity against even single-base sequence mismatches is achieved, and the DNA sensor is stable and reusable.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Diethylamine hydrobromide, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Diethylamine hydrochloride, ReagentPlus®, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Diethylamine, purified by redistillation, 99.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
Diethylamine, ≥99.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
Diethylamine, puriss. p.a., ≥99.5% (GC)