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  • Chitosan enhances transfection efficiency of cationic polypeptides/DNA complexes.

Chitosan enhances transfection efficiency of cationic polypeptides/DNA complexes.

International journal of pharmaceutics (2011-03-15)
Praneet Opanasopit, Jintana Tragulpakseerojn, Auayporn Apirakaramwong, Tanasait Ngawhirunpat, Theerasak Rojanarata
ABSTRACT

The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of cationic polypeptides mixed with chitosan (CS) on in vitro transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity in human cervical carcinoma cells (HeLa cells). The polypeptides/DNA complexes and ternary complexes (CS, polypeptides and DNA) at varying weight ratios were formulated and characterized by using gel electrophoresis. Their particle sizes and charge were evaluated. The effect of the type and molecular weight (MW) of polypeptides, the weight ratio, order of mixing, the pH and serum on transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity were evaluated in HeLa cells. Three types of polypeptides (poly-L-lysine; PLL, poly-L-arginine; PLA and poly-L-ornithine; PLO) were able to form complete complex with DNA at weight ratio above 0.1. The PLA MW >70 kDa showed the highest transfection efficiency. The order of mixing between CS, PLA and DNA affected the transfection efficiency. The highest transfection efficiency was observed in ternary complexes of PLA/DNA/CS (2:1:4) equal to PEI/DNA complex. For cytotoxicity studies, over 80% the average cell viabilities of the complexes were observed by MTT assay. This study suggests that the addition of CS to PLA/DNA is easy to prepare, safe and exhibits significantly improved DNA delivery potential in vitro.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Poly-L-ornithine solution, mol wt 30,000-70,000, 0.01%, sterile-filtered, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Poly-L-ornithine hydrobromide, mol wt 30,000-70,000
Sigma-Aldrich
Poly-L-ornithine hydrobromide, mol wt 5,000-15,000
Sigma-Aldrich
Poly-L-ornithine hydrobromide, mol wt >100,000