MilliporeSigma
  • Acetone production in solventogenic Clostridium species: new insights from non-enzymatic decarboxylation of acetoacetate.

Acetone production in solventogenic Clostridium species: new insights from non-enzymatic decarboxylation of acetoacetate.

Applied microbiology and biotechnology (2011-05-03)
Bei Han, Venkat Gopalan, Thaddeus Chukwuemeka Ezeji
ABSTRACT

Development of a butanologenic strain with high selectivity for butanol production is often proposed as a possible route for improving the economics of biobutanol production by solventogenic Clostridium species. The acetoacetate decarboxylase (aadc) gene encoding acetoacetate decarboxylase (AADC), which catalyzes the decarboxylation of acetoacetate into acetone and CO(2), was successfully disrupted by homologous recombination in solventogenic Clostridium beijerinckii NCIMB 8052 to generate an aadc ( - ) mutant. Our fermentation studies revealed that this mutant produces a maximum acetone concentration of 3 g/L (in P2 medium), a value comparable to that produced by wild-type C. beijerinckii 8052. Therefore, we postulated that AADC-catalyzed decarboxylation of acetoacetate is not the sole means for acetone generation. Our subsequent finding that non-enzymatic decarboxylation of acetoacetate in vitro, under conditions similar to in vivo acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation, produces 1.3 to 5.2 g/L acetone between pH 6.5 and 4 helps rationalize why various knock-out and knock-down strategies designed to disrupt aadc in solventogenic Clostridium species did not eliminate acetone production during ABE fermentation. Based on these results, we discuss alternatives to enhance selectivity for butanol production.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Lithium acetoacetate, ≥90% (HPLC)