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  • "Green" functionalization of pristine multi-walled carbon nanotubes with long-chain aliphatic amines.

"Green" functionalization of pristine multi-walled carbon nanotubes with long-chain aliphatic amines.

Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology (2011-07-21)
Elena V Basiuk, Omar Ochoa-Olmos, Flavio F Contreras-Torres, Víctor Meza-Laguna, Edgar Alvarez-Zauco, Iván Puente-Lee, Vladimir A Basiuk
ABSTRACT

Short pristine multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) were functionalized with a series of long-chain (including polymeric) aliphatic amines, namely octadecylamine (ODA), 1,8-diaminooctane (DO), polyethylene glycol diamine (PEGDA) and polyethylenimine (PEI), via two "green" approaches: (1) gas-phase functionalization (for volatile ODA and DO) and (2) direct heating in the melt (for polymeric PEGDA and PEI). Both of them consist in one-step reaction between MWNTs and amine without the use of organic solvents. The nanostructures obtained were characterized by using infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. It was observed that both solvent-free methods were efficient in the nanotube functionalization, and the nanostructures of variable solubility and morphology were obtained depending on the amines attached. ODA, PEGDA and PEI-functionalized MWNTs were found to be soluble in propanol, meanwhile the MWNTs-PEGDA and MWNTs-PEI were soluble in water as well. The attachment of 1,8-diaminooctane onto MWNTs resulted in cross-linked stable nanostructure.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
1,8-Diaminooctane, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Octadecylamine, technical grade, 90%
Sigma-Aldrich
Octadecylamine, ≥99% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Octadecylamine, ≥99.0% (GC)