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  • PARP cleavage and perturbance in mitochondrial membrane potential by 3-α-propionyloxy-β-boswellic acid results in cancer cell death and tumor regression in murine models.

PARP cleavage and perturbance in mitochondrial membrane potential by 3-α-propionyloxy-β-boswellic acid results in cancer cell death and tumor regression in murine models.

Future oncology (London, England) (2012-07-27)
Yasrib Qurishi, Abid Hamid, Parduman R Sharma, Zahoor Ahmad Wani, Dilip M Mondhe, Shashank K Singh, Mohmmad Afzal Zargar, Samar S Andotra, Bhahwal Ali Shah, Subhash C Taneja, Ajit Kumar Saxena
ABSTRACT

Apoptotic induction in cancer cells has become a major focus of anticancer therapeutics. In this regard, β-boswellic acids, naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenes, have demonstrated antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects against different types of cancers. Surprisingly, not much has been reported regarding the chemical modifications or preparation of structural analogs of the key constituents of β-boswellic acid. The anticancer activity of 3-α-propionyloxy-β-boswellic acid (POBA) was investigated and this article reports for the first time that the triterpenoid ring of the boswellic acid derivative POBA is targeting the PI3K pathway. Induction of apoptosis of the semi-synthetic derivative of β-boswellic acid-POBA in vitro was analyzed using a battery of human cancer cell lines followed by cell cycle phase distribution, further validated by DNA fragmentation, and was found to cause mitochondrial membrane potential loss with ultrastructural changes, as observed by electron microscopy studies and expression study using PARP cleavage, as well as validated by in vivo anti-tumor activity. The cytotoxicity data revealed the sensitivity of various human cancer cell lines of varied tissue origin to β-boswellic acid, which robustly induced cell cycle arrest, DNA fragmentation and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. Morphological studies of the effects of POBA revealed loss of surface projections, chromatin condensation, apoptotic body formation and POBA-mediated PARP cleavage. For in vivo therapeutic experiments, murine tumor models were treated with POBA and the treatment resulted in a significantly higher level of growth inhibition and apoptosis was significantly induced. These findings demonstrate that acyl substituents/groups in the main skeleton of β-boswellic acid have the potential to be potent chemotherapeutic agents.

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Supelco
β-Boswellic acid, analytical standard