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  • [Genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation changes in the rat ovary after prenatal exposure to di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate].

[Genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation changes in the rat ovary after prenatal exposure to di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate].

Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] (2012-11-20)
Xin Xie, Yu Gao, Yan Zhang, Yu Ding, Rong Shi, Yi-jun Zhou, Ying Tian
ABSTRACT

To study the effects of prenatal exposure to Di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP) on genome-wide epigenetic alterations in ovary of adult offspring rat. Pregnant Wistar rats were randomly treated with DEHP (1000 mg/kg) or con oil at 12 - 17 days upon pregnance. DNA methylation changes in the ovary for the adult offsprings which were 70 days old were detected by Rat DNA methylation promoter plus CpG island arrays CpG island chip. Gene ontology (GO) method was performed to analyze the function of genes which were significantly different between exposed group and control group. Gene Igfbp1 (insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1) and Itga3 (integrin alpha 3) were randomly selected and the methylation status were verified by bisulfite genomic sequencing (BSP). The methylation status were significantly different between exposed and control group in 406 genes (71 genes as hypermethylation and 335 genes as hypomethylation) (P < 0.05). GO analysis revealed that molecular transducer activity, cell part, cell, cellular process, multicellular organismal process, response to stimulus, biological regulation, regulation of biological process, reproduction, reproductive process, and rhythmic process were involved. The sequencing results were consistent with the data obtained by chips. This study provides evidence that prenatal exposure of DEHP may be associated with methylation changes on the genes in the rat ovary. Genes related to reproductive process have highly significant methylation changes, which may shed new light on mechanisms of reproductive and developmental toxicity after prenatal exposure to DEHP.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, certified reference material, TraceCERT®, Manufactured by: Sigma-Aldrich Production GmbH, Switzerland
Supelco
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, Selectophore
Supelco
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, PESTANAL®, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Dioctyl phthalate, ≥99.5%
Supelco
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate solution, certified reference material, 2000 μg/mL in methanol