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  • Human leukocyte antigen alleles and the response to pegylated interferon/ribavirin therapy in chronic hepatitis C patients.

Human leukocyte antigen alleles and the response to pegylated interferon/ribavirin therapy in chronic hepatitis C patients.

Antiviral research (2009-11-26)
Chia-Yen Dai, Wan-Long Chuang, Ming-Yen Hsieh, Jee-Fu Huang, Ya-Yun Lin, Pei-Yu Chu, Nai-Jen Hou, Zu-Yau Lin, Shinn-Cherng Chen, Ming-Yuh Hsieh, Liang-Yen Wang, Ming-Lung Yu
ABSTRACT

Human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) may play a role in the clinical evolution of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The present study was aimed at elucidating the association between the HLA loci and responses to combination therapy with pegylated interferon-alpha 2a (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin in Taiwanese. We enrolled a total of 208 treatment-naïve Taiwanese chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients treated with combination therapy. Patients with sustained virological response (SVR) had a significantly higher frequency of genotype non-1b infection, lower pretreatment HCV RNA levels and a higher frequency of mild hepatic fibrosis (fibrosis score: F: 0-2). The HLA A24 and B40 alleles were significantly associated with SVR after adjusted for the other three confounding factors including HCV genotype, hepatic fibrosis and pretreatment serum HCV RNA levels. Haplotypes (B40-DRB1*3, B46- DRB1*9, Cw1- DQB1*3, and Cw1- DRB1*9) were significantly associated with SVR to combination therapy. For 167 patients with genotype 1b infection and viral load < or =5.6 logIU/ml or genotype non-1b infection, the B46 was significantly associated with sustained response with OR (odds ratio) [95% CI (confidence interval) of 0.047 (0.168-0.988)]. Haplotypes B40-DRB1*3, B46- DRB1*9, Cw1- DQB1*3, Cw1- DRB1*9 and DQB1*3- DRB1*9 were found to be associated with SVR to PEG-IFN/ribavirin therapy with OR (95% CI) of 0.179 (0.032-0.989), 0.313 (0.107-0.918), 0.350 (0.145-0.845), 0.282 (0.105-0.759) and 0.412 (0.174-0.978), respectively. We concluded that the virological and the host immunogenetic factors may possibly predict the response to combination therapy in CHC patients.