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  • Effects of two diketopiperazines, cyclo (His-Pro) and cyclo (Asp-Phe), on striatal dopamine: a microdialysis study.

Effects of two diketopiperazines, cyclo (His-Pro) and cyclo (Asp-Phe), on striatal dopamine: a microdialysis study.

Brain research bulletin (1993-01-01)
S Kaakkola, R J Wurtman
ABSTRACT

The effects of two diketopiperazines, Cyclo (His-Pro) (CHP) and Cyclo (Asp-Phe) (CAP), on striatal extracellular levels of dopamine (DA), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) were examined using in vivo microdialysis in anaesthetized rats. Treatment with neither CHP (0.1-10 mg/kg IP and 0.3 mg/kg i.v.) nor CAP (0.1-10 mg/kg IP and 10 mg/kg PO) significantly changed the efflux of DA, DOPAC, HVA, or 5-HIAA when compared to the effects of treatment with saline. Our results suggest that systemic administration of CHP or CAP alone does not modify striatal dopaminergic neurotransmission. The previous findings of enhanced DA release by systemic administration of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) are probably not explained by formation of CHP from TRH.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
(2S-cis)-(−)-5-Benzyl-3,6-dioxo-2-piperazineacetic acid, 97%
Supelco
(2S-cis)-(−)-5-Benzyl-3,6-dioxo-2-piperazineacetic acid, analytical standard