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  • Course of apoptotic changes in the rat gastric mucosa caused by oral administration of fusarenon-X.

Course of apoptotic changes in the rat gastric mucosa caused by oral administration of fusarenon-X.

The Journal of veterinary medical science (1997-03-01)
J Li, T Shimizu
ABSTRACT

Male 5-week-old Wistar rats orally (po) administered with fusarenon-X (FX) 1.5 mg/kg and control rats po-treated with distilled water were sacrificed at 0-48 hr after gavage. FX-administered rats showed significant dilatation of the stomach with increased fluid contents at 1-24 hr postadministration (PA). Histopathologically, karyopyknosis of chief cells in the basal region of the gastric glands began to appear at 1 hr, and nuclear fragments were seen in the neck cell region at 1.5 hr PA. At 2-4 hr PA, apoptotic cells appeared diffusely in the neck region and focally in the basal region. Electron microscopy revealed that cells phagocytosing apoptotic bodies were the surface epithelia, undifferentiated neck cells, parietal cells and chief cells. No evidence was detected to show that parietal cells underwent apoptotic changes. The apoptotic lesions peaked at 4-6 hr PA, gradually subsided at 12 hr PA, and became minimal leaving apoptotic remnants in the basal region at 24 hr PA. At 48 hr PA, however, diffuse apoptotic lesions reappeared in the basal region at a level similar to that at 2-3 hr PA. This might be attributable to absorption of FX retaining in the stomach for 24 hr. In situ detection of DNA breaks by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) reaction was consistent with the histopathologic findings. Agarose gel electrophoresis of DNA fragments isolated from the gastric mucosae of FX-administered rats showed a ladder pattern after 1.5 hr PA and the pattern became more distinct at 2-4 hr PA.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Fusarenon X solution, 100 μg/mL in acetonitrile, analytical standard
Supelco
Fusarenon X, analytical standard