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  • Alkaline phosphatase-catalyzed silver deposition for electrochemical detection.

Alkaline phosphatase-catalyzed silver deposition for electrochemical detection.

Analytical chemistry (2007-06-16)
Pablo Fanjul-Bolado, David Hernández-Santos, María Begoña González-García, Agustín Costa-García
ABSTRACT

Alkaline phosphatase (AP) is one of the most used enzymatic labels for the development of ELISAs, immunosensors, DNA hybridization assays, etc. This enzyme catalyzes the dephosphorylation of a substrate into a detectable product usually quantified by optical or electrochemical measurements. This work is based on a substrate (3-indoxyl phosphate) that produces a compound able to reduce silver ions in solution into a metallic deposit, which is localized where the enzymatic label AP is attached. The deposited silver is electrochemically stripped into solution and measured by anodic stripping voltammetry. Its application to an enzymatic genosensor on streptavidin-modified screen-printed carbon electrodes for the detection of virulence nucleic acid determinants of autolysin gene, exclusively present on the genome of the human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae, is described. Compared with the direct voltammetric detection of indigo carmine, the anodic stripping voltammetry of silver ions is 14-fold more sensitive.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Indoxyl phosphate disodium salt, crystalline