MilliporeSigma
  • Ligation of TLR2 and TLR4 on murine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells triggers differential effects on their immunosuppressive activity.

Ligation of TLR2 and TLR4 on murine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells triggers differential effects on their immunosuppressive activity.

Cellular immunology (2011-07-16)
Junxia Lei, Zhen Wang, Dayang Hui, Weihua Yu, Dunhua Zhou, Wenjie Xia, Chun Chen, Qunzhou Zhang, Zhichong Wang, Qi Zhang, Andy Peng Xiang
ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have potent regulatory effects on immune and inflammatory responses. Recently the findings of functional TLR expression on MSC implicates these receptors in the function established for MSCs. Here we specially investigated the effects of TLR2, 4 ligation in mice MSC on migration, modulation of allogeneic mixed lymphocytes reaction (allo-MLR) and inducing Treg cells. We demonstrated that ligation of TLR2, but not TLR4, could significantly inhibit migration of MSC, impair MSC-mediated immunosuppression on allo-MLR, and reduce MSC-mediated expansion of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells. Compared with TLR4 activated MSCs and non-TLR activated MSC, TLR2 activation induced a relatively lower level of CXCL-10 mRNA and protein expressions which has been elucidated to act in concert with other soluble factor in MSC-mediated immunomodulation. These data indicate that TLR2 and TLR4 ligation had different effects on immunomodulatory capability of murine BMSCs, which should be considered in their use for treating inflammatory diseases.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Pam3-Cys-OH, ≥98.0% (TLC)