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  • Isolation and characterization of antioxidative peptides from gelatin hydrolysate of Alaska pollack skin.

Isolation and characterization of antioxidative peptides from gelatin hydrolysate of Alaska pollack skin.

Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (2001-04-20)
S K Kim, Y T Kim, H G Byun, K S Nam, D S Joo, F Shahidi
ABSTRACT

Gelatin extracted from Alaska pollack skin was hydrolyzed with serial digestions in the order of Alcalase, Pronase E, and collagenase using a three-step recycling membrane reactor. The fraction from the second step, which was hydrolyzed with Pronase E, was composed of peptides ranging from 1.5 to 4.5 kDa and showed high antioxidative activity. Two different peptides showing strong antioxidative activity were isolated from the hydrolysate using consecutive chromatographic methods including gel filtration on a Sephadex G-25 column, ion-exchange chromatography on a SP-Sephadex C-25 column, and high-performance liquid chromatography on an ODS column. The isolated peptides, P1 and P2, were composed of 13 and 16 amino acid residues, respectively; and both peptides contained a Gly residue at the C-terminus and the repeating motif Gly-Pro-Hyp. The antioxidative activities of the purified peptides were measured using the thiobarbituric acid method, and the cell viability was measured with MTT assay. The results showed that P2 had potent antioxidative activity on peroxidation of linoleic acid. Moreover, the cell viability of cultured liver cells was significantly enhanced by addition of the peptide. These results indicate that the purified peptide, P2, from gelatin hydrolysate of Alaska pollack skin is a natural antioxidant which has potent antioxidative activity.

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Sephadex® G-25, BioReagent, for molecular biology, DNA grade, Superfine