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Inhibition of drug-induced apoptosis by survival factors in PC12 cells.

Journal of neurochemistry (1995-03-01)
L Lindenboim, R Haviv, R Stein
ABSTRACT

Pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells have been shown to undergo apoptosis (programmed cell death) when deprived of serum and to be rescued by nerve growth factor, fibroblast growth factor, dibutyryl cyclic AMP, aurintricarboxylic acid, or exogenous expression of bcl-2. We show here that the cytotoxic drugs cycloheximide, actinomycin D, colchicine, and EGTA also induce apoptosis in PC12 cells. These findings prompted us to investigate whether apoptosis induced by these drugs involves similar pathways in each case, and whether the factors preventing the apoptotic death of serum-deprived PC12 cells can also protect the cells from apoptosis induced by the cytotoxic drugs. Nerve growth factor, dibutyryl cyclic AMP, and expression of bcl-2 inhibited apoptosis induced by all four cytotoxic drugs. Fibroblast growth factor inhibited apoptosis induced by EGTA or colchicine. Aurintricarboxylic acid inhibited apoptosis induced by EGTA. These results suggest that apoptosis induced by treatments with the various drugs is mediated by different initiating pathways, all of which converge into a final, common pathway. Nerve growth factor, dibutyryl cyclic AMP, and bcl-2 appear to affect the final common pathway, whereas fibroblast growth factor and aurincarboxylic acid appear to be more specific and affect only some of the pathways.

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Colchicine, Colchicum autumnale, Colchicine, Colchicum autumnale, CAS 64-86-8, is an inhibitor of mitosis that disrupts microtubules and inhibits tubulin polymerization. Induces apoptosis in PC12 and cerebellar granule cells.