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  • Magnesium sulfate provides neuroprotection in lipopolysaccharide-activated primary microglia by inhibiting NF-κB pathway.

Magnesium sulfate provides neuroprotection in lipopolysaccharide-activated primary microglia by inhibiting NF-κB pathway.

The Journal of surgical research (2013-05-01)
Feng Gao, Baozhong Ding, Longan Zhou, Xueshan Gao, Huiguang Guo, Hong Xu
ABSTRACT

Magnesium sulfate has been used as an anticonvulsant in severe preeclamptic or eclamptic women prior to surgical trauma, but its effects on neuroinflammation is not well defined. In the present study, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of magnesium sulfate in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced microglia and explored the underlying mechanism. Microglia was incubated with LPS in the presence or absence of various concentrations of magnesium sulfate, or L-type calcium channel activator BAY-K8644. The levels of inflammatory mediators, such as nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, interleukin 1β, and tumor necrosis factor α, were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase mRNA was detected by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activity in the nuclear extract of microglia was detected by NF-κB p50/p65 transcription factor assay kit. Magnesium sulfate at 5 and 10 mmol/L significantly inhibited the release of nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, interleukin 1β, and tumor necrosis factor α, and the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase mRNA in LPS-activated microglia. Furthermore, magnesium sulfate inhibited the translocation of NF-κB from the cytoplasm to the nucleus in a dose-dependent manner. Notably, these effects were significantly reversed by L-type calcium channel activator BAY-K8644. Magnesium sulfate protects microglia against LPS-induced release of inflammatory mediators, and these effects may be mediated by inhibiting L-type calcium channels and NF-κB signaling.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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