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  • Nicergoline stimulates protein kinase C mediated alpha-secretase processing of the amyloid precursor protein in cultured human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.

Nicergoline stimulates protein kinase C mediated alpha-secretase processing of the amyloid precursor protein in cultured human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.

Neurochemistry international (1999-09-11)
A Cedazo-Minguez, L Bonecchi, B Winblad, C Post, E H Wong, R F Cowburn, L Benatti
ABSTRACT

We investigated the ability of the antidementia agents, nicergoline, aniracetam and hydergine to stimulate PKC mediated alpha-secretase amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing in cultured human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Western immunoblotting of cell conditioned media using the Mabs 22C11 and 6E10 revealed the presence of 2 bands with molecular mass of 90 and 120 kDa, corresponding to possible alternatively glycosylated forms of secreted APP (APPs). Short-term (30 min and 2 h) treatment of cells with nicergoline gave an increased intensity of both bands, compared to non-treated cells. Maximal nicergoline effects, of the order of 150-200% over basal APPs release, were seen at concentrations between 1 and 10 microM. Under the same condition, 1 microM PdBu, used as a positive control, gave 500-1000% increases of basal APPs release. In contrast, aniracetam and hydergine, did not show any effect on APPs secretion. 2 h treatment with nicergoline had no effect on cellular full-length APP levels, as determined by immunoblotting of cell extracts with 22C11 and CT15 antibodies. Immunoblotting with PKC isoform specific antibodies of soluble and membrane fractions prepared from 2 h treated cells, showed that nicergoline (50 microM) and PdBu (1 microM) both induced translocation of PKC alpha, gamma and epsilon, but not PKC beta. The involvement of PKC in mediating nicergoline stimulated APPs release was also studied using specific inhibitors. 1 microM calphostin C, a broad range PKC inhibitor, significantly reduced both PdBu (1 microM) and nicergoline (10 microM) induced APPs release. In contrast, Go6976 (1 microM), a selective PKC alpha and beta1 inhibitor, as well as the cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor, H89 (1 microM) were without effect. These results indicate that nicergoline can modulate alpha-secretase APP processing by a PKC dependent mechanism that is likely to involve the gamma and epsilon isoforms of this enzyme.

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Codergocrine mesilate, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard