MilliporeSigma

Dietary-resistant starch and glucose metabolism.

Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care (2012-04-19)
M Denise Robertson
ABSTRACT

Recent findings in animal models suggest that resistant starch is beneficial for both body weight regulation and glycaemic control. The purpose of this review is to summarize the current evidence and recommendations in humans. When resistant starch replaces available carbohydrate in a meal, postprandial glycaemia is reduced. There are some data to suggest that resistant starch may affect glycaemia even when the available carbohydrate portion remains constant; however, there is inconsistency in the literature. Recent animal data suggest that chronic resistant starch feeding upregulates glucagon-like peptide 1 expression in the large bowel with concomitant increases in neuropeptide expression in the hypothalamus, combining to result in weight loss and improvements in glycaemic control. However, to date there is no evidence for this in humans. Resistant starch may have a role in glycaemic control in healthy individuals and those with type 2 diabetes; however, there are limited interventional trials in humans to support this. There are no data concerning resistant starch feeding in human diabetes and as such no health recommendation can be made.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Starch, puriss. p.a., from potato, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., soluble
Supelco
Starch from corn, for use with Total Dietary Fiber Control Kit, TDF-C10
Supelco
Starch from corn, analytical standard, analytical standard for Starch Assay Kits SA-20 and STA-20
Sigma-Aldrich
Starch from corn
Sigma-Aldrich
Starch from potato, Powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Starch from corn, practical grade
Sigma-Aldrich
Starch from corn, Unmodified waxy corn starch of essentially pure amylopectin; contains only trace amounts of amylose.
Sigma-Aldrich
Starch from rice
Sigma-Aldrich
Starch from wheat, Unmodified
Sigma-Aldrich
Starch from potato, suitable for electrophoresis
Sigma-Aldrich
Starch from potato, Soluble
Sigma-Aldrich
Starch, from potato, tested according to Ph. Eur.