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  • Novel short chain fatty acids restore chloride secretion in cystic fibrosis.

Novel short chain fatty acids restore chloride secretion in cystic fibrosis.

Biochemical and biophysical research communications (2006-02-14)
Toan D Nguyen, Ug-Sung Kim, Susan P Perrine
ABSTRACT

Phenylalanine deletion at position 508 of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (DeltaF508-CFTR), the most common mutation in cystic fibrosis (CF), causes a misfolded protein exhibiting partial chloride conductance and impaired trafficking to the plasma membrane. 4-Phenylbutyrate corrects defective DeltaF508-CFTR trafficking in vitro, but is not clinically efficacious. From a panel of short chain fatty acid derivatives, we showed that 2,2-dimethyl-butyrate (ST20) and alpha-methylhydrocinnamic acid (ST7), exhibiting high oral bioavailability and sustained plasma levels, correct the DeltaF508-CFTR defect. Pre-incubation (>or=6h) of CF IB3-1 airway cells with >or=1mM ST7 or ST20 restored the ability of 100microM forskolin to stimulate an (125)I(-) efflux. This efflux was fully inhibited by NPPB, DPC, or glibenclamide, suggesting mediation through CFTR. Partial inhibition by DIDS suggests possible contribution from an additional Cl(-) channel regulated by CFTR. Thus, ST7 and ST20 offer treatment potential for CF caused by the DeltaF508 mutation.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
α-Methylhydrocinnamic acid, 98%