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  • Heck reactions of iodobenzene and methyl acrylate with conventional supported palladium catalysts in the presence of organic and/or inorganic bases without ligands

Heck reactions of iodobenzene and methyl acrylate with conventional supported palladium catalysts in the presence of organic and/or inorganic bases without ligands

Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2000-05-29)
Zhao, Bhanage, Shirai, Arai
ABSTRACT

The vinylation of iodobenzene with methyl acrylate has been studied with several supported palladium catalysts in N-methylpyrrolidone in the presence of triethylamine and/or sodium carbonate. The reaction can be performed in air without any solubilizing or activating ligands. It was found that significant amounts of palladium leach out into the solvent and these dissolved Pd species essentially catalyze the reaction. It is interesting, however, that almost all the palladium species in the solution can redeposit onto the surface of the supports after the reaction has been completed (at 100% conversion of iodobenzene). Thus, the catalysts were recyclable without loss of activity. The use of both inorganic and organic bases is very effective in the promotion of the palladium redeposition as well as in the enhancement of the reaction rate. For Heck reactions with bromobenzene and chlorobenzene it was found that the use of triethylamine and sodium carbonate increases the selectivity of the Heck coupling product (benzene is also produced for these two substrates), but the mixed bases do not affect the overall rate of reaction as much.