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  • Multifunctional liposomes constituting microneedles induced robust systemic and mucosal immunoresponses against the loaded antigens via oral mucosal vaccination.

Multifunctional liposomes constituting microneedles induced robust systemic and mucosal immunoresponses against the loaded antigens via oral mucosal vaccination.

Vaccine (2015-04-11)
Yuanyuan Zhen, Ning Wang, Zibin Gao, Xiaoyu Ma, Biao Wei, Yihui Deng, Ting Wang
ABSTRACT

To develop effective, convenient and stable mucosal vaccines, mannose-PEG-cholesterol (MPC)/lipid A-liposomes (MLLs) entrapping model antigen bovine serum albumin (BSA) were prepared by the procedure of emulsification-lyophilization and used to constitute microneedles, forming the proMLL-filled microneedle arrays (proMMAs). The proMMAs were rather stable and hard enough to pierce porcine skin and, upon rehydration, dissolved rapidly recovering the MLLs without size and entrapment change. The proMMAs given to mice via oral mucosal (o.m.) route, rather than routine intradermal administration, elicited robust systemic and mucosal immunoresponses against the loaded antigens as evidenced by high levels of BSA-specific IgG in the sera and IgA in the salivary, intestinal and vaginal secretions of mice. Enhanced levels of IgG2a and IFN-γ in treated mice revealed that proMMAs induced a mixed Th1/Th2 immunoresponse. Moreover, a significant increase in CD8(+) T cells confirmed that strong cellular immunity had also been established by the immunization of the proMMAs. Thus, the proMMAs can be immunized via o.m. route to set up an effective multiple defense against pathogen invasion and may be an effective vaccine adjuvant-delivery system (VADS) applicable in the controlled temperature chain.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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