MilliporeSigma
  • Abnormal Expression and Distribution of MMP2 at Initial Stages of Alzheimer's Disease-Related Pathology.

Abnormal Expression and Distribution of MMP2 at Initial Stages of Alzheimer's Disease-Related Pathology.

Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD (2015-09-25)
Beatrice Terni, Isidro Ferrer
ABSTRACT

Previous studies have shown that metalloproteinases (MMPs) participate in the clearance of amyloid-β (Aβ) in Alzheimer's disease (AD); MMP2 and MMP3 cleave soluble Aβ, and both MMP9 and MT1-MMP are able to degrade soluble and fibrillar forms of Aβ. The present study shows increased expression levels of active MMP2 in the entorhinal cortex at early stages of AD-related pathology (Braak and Braak stages I/II-0 and III/IV-A) as revealed by western blotting and gelatin zymography. Confocal microscopy discloses co-localization of MMP2 and phospho-tau in neurofibrillary tangles and dystrophic neurites. MMP2 has the capacity to cleave recombinant tau in vitro in a dose-dependent manner, consistent with a physiological function of MMP2 in normal tau proteolysis. However, MMP2 does not cleave hyperphosphorylated and dephosphorylated tau from enriched paired helical filament fractions. These observations raise the possibility that accumulation of MMP2 in neurofibrillary tangles and concomitant loss of proteolytic capacity on tau protein is a response geared to eliminating production of toxic truncated tau species in AD brains.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, tablet
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, 99.0-100.5%
SAFC
Sodium chloride solution, 5 M
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture, suitable for plant cell culture, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, for molecular biology, DNase, RNase, and protease, none detected, ≥99% (titration)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, BioXtra, ≥99.5% (AT)
Sigma-Aldrich
Bicinchoninic acid disodium salt hydrate, ≥98% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride solution, 0.9% in water, BioXtra, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride solution, 5 M
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride solution, 5 M in H2O, BioReagent, for molecular biology, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride solution, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ~5 M in H2O
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.5% (AT)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, BioPerformance Certified, ≥99% (titration), suitable for insect cell culture, suitable for plant cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride solution, 0.85%
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, random crystals, optical grade, 99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride-35Cl, 99 atom % 35Cl
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, AnhydroBeads, −10 mesh, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-phospho Tau (Thr181), clone 1E7 Antibody, clone 1E7, from mouse, purified by affinity chromatography
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium dodecyl sulfate solution, BioUltra, for molecular biology, 20% in H2O
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium dodecyl sulfate solution, BioUltra, for molecular biology, 10% in H2O
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium dodecyl sulfate, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.0% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium dodecyl sulfate, ≥98.0% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium dodecyl sulfate, tested according to NF, mixture of sodium alkyl sulfates consisting mainly of sodium dodecyl sulfate
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium dodecyl sulfate, ACS reagent, ≥99.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium dodecyl sulfate, ≥90% ((Assay))
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium deoxycholate, BioXtra, ≥98.0% (dry matter, NT)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium dodecyl sulfate, ReagentPlus®, ≥98.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium dodecyl sulfate, 92.5-100.5% based on total alkyl sulfate content basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium dodecyl sulfate, BioReagent, suitable for electrophoresis, for molecular biology, ≥98.5% (GC)