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  • Anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities of LQFM002 - A 4-nerolidylcatechol derivative.

Anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities of LQFM002 - A 4-nerolidylcatechol derivative.

Life sciences (2013-01-09)
E A Costa, R C Lino, M N Gomes, M V M Nascimento, I F Florentino, P M Galdino, C H Andrade, K R Rezende, L O Magalhães, R Menegatti
ABSTRACT

The current study describes the synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of (E)-N-(3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dienyl)-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-5-amine (LQFM002), a compound originally designed through a molecular simplification strategy from 4-nerolidylcatechol. LQFM002 was evaluated for preservation of the PLA(2) enzyme inhibitory effects of the lead compound, 4-nerolidylcatechol, using in vitro and in vivo models. Rota-rod, open field and pentobarbital-induced sleeping tests were used to evaluate the effects of LQFM002 on the central nervous system. A gel plate assay of PLA(2) activity, carrageenan-induced pleurisy and TNF-α levels was used to assay anti-inflammatory activity. Antinociceptive activities of LQFM002 were evaluated with acetic acid-induced writhing, formalin and hot-plate tests, while involvement of the opioid pathway in the LQFM002 antinociceptive effect was investigated with naloxone pre-treatment. LQFM002 inhibited PLA(2) activity, cell migration into the pleural cavity, and capillary permeability (Evan's blue concentration) and reduced TNF-α levels in pleural exudates. LQFM002 also reduced acetic acid-induced writhing and the licking time in both phases of the formalin test and increased latency in the hot-plate test. Pre-treatment with 8.25 μmol/kg naloxone (3mg/kg) reversed the analgesic effects of LQFM002 in the early phase of the formalin test. LQFM002 showed anti-inflammatory activity, which possibly involved reduction of leukocyte migration and TNF-α levels. LQFM002 also demonstrated inhibition of PLA(2) activity in vitro. LQFM002 had an antinociceptive effect that involved the opioidergic system.

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Sigma-Aldrich
5-Amino-1,3-dimethylpyrazole, 97%