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  • Low-stringency selection of TEM1 for BLIP shows interface plasticity and selection for faster binders.

Low-stringency selection of TEM1 for BLIP shows interface plasticity and selection for faster binders.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2016-12-14)
Ruth Cohen-Khait, Gideon Schreiber
ABSTRACT

Protein-protein interactions occur via well-defined interfaces on the protein surface. Whereas the location of homologous interfaces is conserved, their composition varies, suggesting that multiple solutions may support high-affinity binding. In this study, we examined the plasticity of the interface of TEM1 β-lactamase with its protein inhibitor BLIP by low-stringency selection of a random TEM1 library using yeast surface display. Our results show that most interfacial residues could be mutated without a loss in binding affinity, protein stability, or enzymatic activity, suggesting plasticity in the interface composition supporting high-affinity binding. Interestingly, many of the selected mutations promoted faster association. Further selection for faster binders was achieved by drastically decreasing the library-ligand incubation time to 30 s. Preequilibrium selection as suggested here is a novel methodology for specifically selecting faster-associating protein complexes.

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Supelco
SYPRO® Orange Protein Gel Stain