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  • Characterization of L-alpha-aminoadipic acid transport in cultured rat astrocytes.

Characterization of L-alpha-aminoadipic acid transport in cultured rat astrocytes.

Brain research (1996-11-25)
M J Tsai, Y F Chang, R Schwarcz, N Brookes
ABSTRACT

The mechanism of the selective gliotoxicity of L-alpha-aminoadipate (L-alpha AA) is thought to involve its entry into glia as a substrate for glutamate transporters or, alternatively, its ability to inhibit glial glutamate transport. To clarify the properties of L-alpha AA as a transport substrate, we explored the ionic dependence, kinetics and pharmacology of L-[3H] alpha AA uptake in rat cortical astrocytes. We observed two components of saturable L-alpha AA uptake, one Na(+)-dependent and the other Na(+)-independent. These components exhibited the characteristics of system X-AG, the widespread family of Na(+)-cotransporters of aspartate and glutamate, and system x-c, a Cl(-)-dependent glutamate/cystine exchanger, respectively. The K(m) value of Na(+)-dependent L-alpha AA uptake was 629 +/- 42 microM, and Vmax was 62 +/- 4 nmol.min-1.mg-1 protein, which was more than twice the capacity of Na(+)-dependent glutamate uptake. The kinetic parameters of Na(+)-dependent L-alpha AA uptake (K(m) of 20 +/- 2 microM, Vmax of 1.7 +/- 0.4 nmol.min-1.mg-1 protein did not differ from the values for Na(+)-independent glutamate uptake, indicating that L-alpha AA and glutamate are equally good substrates for system x-c.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
L-2-Aminoadipic acid, ≥98% (TLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
DL-2-Aminoadipic acid, ≥99%