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  • Study of odor compounds in gaseous effluents generated during production of poultry feather and viscera meal using headspace solid phase microextraction.

Study of odor compounds in gaseous effluents generated during production of poultry feather and viscera meal using headspace solid phase microextraction.

Environmental monitoring and assessment (2008-10-28)
Roberta Letícia Krüger, Rogério M Dallago, Irajá do Nascimento Filho, Marco Di Luccio
ABSTRACT

This work reports the screening and characterization of odor compounds in gaseous effluents generated during the production of poultry feather and viscera meal, the by-products of the poultry meat industry. Chemical analysis was carried out by solid phase microextraction in the headspace (HS-SPME) mode. Exhaust air of thermal processing of poultry feather and viscera were sampled online from a bench-scale digester, condensed, and collected in sampling flasks. Both volatile and semivolatile organic compounds present in the condensed gases were extracted under agitation at constant temperature. The extracts were analyzed with a gas chromatograph coupled to a mass spectrometric detector (GC/MSD). The identification of compounds was carried out by comparing the mass spectra obtained with those from the Wiley library and quantification was accomplished through authentic analytical standards. For the determination of the best extraction conditions and analysis, extraction fibers of different coatings and polarities were tested: divinylbenzene/carboxen/polydimethyilsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), carbowax/divinylbenzene (CW/DVB), and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and chromatography columns of different polarities: DB-WAX (polar) and DB-5 (nonpolar). The best extraction conditions and analysis of the compounds of interest were obtained by the use of the SPME fiber with DVB/CAR/PDMS coating and analysis by GC/MSD with polar capillary column. Several carboxylic acids were identified, as well as mercaptans, amines, and aldehydes of great environmental importance.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 564, 20-45 mesh, pack of 144 × 290 mg
Supelco
Carboxen®-1010 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.32 mm, average thickness 15 μm
Supelco
Carboxen®-1006 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.53 mm, average thickness 30 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 563, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 1003, 40-60 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen®-1006 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.32 mm, average thickness 15 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 564, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen®-1010 PLOT Capillary GC Column, L × I.D. 30 m × 0.53 mm, average thickness 30 μm
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 569, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 1000, 60-80 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Tenax® TA / Carboxen® 1018, glass TD tube, preconditioned, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., Sealed with (Swagelok® End-Fittings), pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 1000, 40-60 mesh, bottle of 50 g
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 85 μm(CAR/PDMS, for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga, metal alloy fiber
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 572, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carboxen® 1000 Reversible SPE Tube, 200 mg/mL, pk 30
Supelco
Carboxen® Adsorbent, matrix Carboxen® 569, 20-45 mesh, bottle of 500 g
Supelco
ORBO-93 Sorbent Tube, ORBO tube I.D. × L 6 mm × 95 mm, Bed A 180 mg, Bed B 90 mg, 60/80 mesh, pkg of 25 ea
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 75 μm(CAR/PDMS, for use with manual holder, needle size 24 ga
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 23 ga, StableFlex, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 85 μm(CAR/PDMS, needle size 24 ga, for use with manual holder, StableFlex fiber
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 24 ga, StableFlex, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 85 μm(CAR/PDMS, needle size 24 ga, StableFlex, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), for use with autosampler, needle size 23 ga, metal alloy fiber, fiber L 2 cm
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 24 ga, for use with manual holder
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 75 μm(CAR/PDMS, needle size 23 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 75 μm(CAR/PDMS, needle size 24 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 24 ga, StableFlex
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Divinylbenzene/Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS), needle size 23 ga, StableFlex, for use with manual holder or autosampler, fiber L 2 cm
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 85 μm(CAR/PDMS, needle size 23 ga, StableFlex, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Carboxen/Polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS), df 75 μm(CAR/PDMS, needle size 23 ga, for use with manual holder