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  • Retinoic acid-inducible gene-I is induced by interleukin-1beta in cultured human gingival fibroblasts.

Retinoic acid-inducible gene-I is induced by interleukin-1beta in cultured human gingival fibroblasts.

Oral microbiology and immunology (2004-12-23)
H Sakaki, T Imaizumi, T Matsumiya, A Kusumi, H Nakagawa, K Kubota, N Nishi, T Nakamura, M Hirashima, K Satoh, H Kimura
ABSTRACT

Retinoic acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I) is a member of the DExH box family protein, and details of its biological function are not known. We have studied the mechanism of the interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta)-induced RIG-I expression in human gingival fibroblasts in culture. We also addressed the possibility of enhanced expression of COX-2, RANTES and galectin-9 in fibroblasts overexpressed RIG-I. We stimulated cultured human gingival fibroblasts with IL-1beta and examined the expression of RIG-I mRNA and protein by reverse transcriptase-mediated polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. The effect of cycloheximide, a protein synthesis inhibitor, on the IL-1beta-induced expression of RIG-I was examined. The expression of COX-2, RANTES, galectin-9 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in gingival fibroblasts transfected with RIG-I cDNA was also examined. IL-1beta stimulated the expressions of mRNA and protein for RIG-I, in cultured fibroblasts, in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Cycloheximide did not suppress the IL-1beta-induced RIG-I expression. Introduction of RIG-I cDNA into fibroblasts resulted in enhanced expression of COX-2 mRNA, and slightly enhanced the expression of mRNA for RANTES and galectin-9. In contrast, RIG-I overexpression did not alter the level of mRNA for monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. We conclude that IL-1beta stimulates RIG-I expression in human gingival fibroblasts.