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437557

Sigma-Aldrich

Acetonitrile

≥99.5%, ACS reagent

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Synonym(s):
ACN, Cyanomethane, Ethyl nitrile, Methyl cyanide
Linear Formula:
CH3CN
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
41.05
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
741857
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

grade

ACS reagent

Quality Level

vapor density

1.41 (vs air)

vapor pressure

72.8 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.5%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

973 °F

expl. lim.

16 %

technique(s)

solid phase extraction (SPE): suitable

impurities

≤0.3% water
≤0.6 μeq/g Titr. base
≤8 μeq/g Titr. acid

evapn. residue

≤0.005%

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.344 (lit.)

bp

81-82 °C (lit.)

mp

−45 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble

density

0.786 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

format

neat

SMILES string

CC#N

InChI

1S/C2H3N/c1-2-3/h1H3

InChI key

WEVYAHXRMPXWCK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
271004439134675415
vibrant-m

437557

Acetonitrile

vibrant-m

271004

Acetonitrile

vibrant-m

439134

Acetonitrile

vibrant-m

675415

Acetonitrile

solubility

water: soluble

solubility

water: soluble (completely)

solubility

water: soluble

solubility

water: soluble

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

100

assay

≥99.5%

assay

99.8%

assay

≥99.9%

assay

≥99.9%

expl. lim.

16 %

expl. lim.

16 %

expl. lim.

16 %

expl. lim.

16 %

bp

81-82 °C (lit.)

bp

81-82 °C (lit.)

bp

81-82 °C (lit.)

bp

81-82 °C (lit.)

General description

Acetonitrile (MeCN), an aliphatic nitrile, is a colorless liquid with a characteristic odor. MeCN has low viscosity, high elution strength and is highly miscible in water. It is widely used as a solvent and intermediate in organic syntheses and is transparent to UV-visible light, making it highly applicable in spectrophotometric and fluorimetric techniques. It also plays a major role as an extractant medium in liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction or microextraction.

Application

Acetonitrile may be used as solvent in the following processes:
  • Organic synthesis
  • Liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction or microextraction.
  • Spectrophotometric and fluorimetric techniques.
  • Electrolytes in lithium-ion batteries
  • Determination of pKa values of organic superbases using the isodensity polarization continuum model (IPCM).

Features and Benefits

ACS solvents meet or exceed the high standards of the American Chemical Society (ACS) ,with test specifications that are specialized to every compound. According to the American Chemical Society, ACS reagent grade implies that it is a substance of sufficient purity to be used in most chemical analyses or reactions.

pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2

Storage Class

3 - Flammable liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

35.6 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

2.0 °C - closed cup

ppe

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter


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Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidative Arylalkylation of Activated Alkenes: Dual C-H Bond Cleavage of an Arene and Acetonitrile.
Wu T, et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English), 50(52), 12578-12581 (2011)
Cerium (III) chloride promoted highly regioselective ring opening of epoxides and aziridines using NaN3 in acetonitrile: a facile synthesis of 1,2-azidoalcohols and 1,2-azidoamines.
Sabitha G, et al.
Organic Letters, 4(3), 343-345 (2002)
Hydrogen peroxide oxygenation of alkanes including methane and ethane catalyzed by iron complexes in acetonitrile.
Shul'pin GB, et al.
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis, 346(2-3), 317-332 (2004)
Liquid phase hydrogenation of acetonitrile to ethylamine over the Co-B amorphous alloy catalyst.
Li H, et al.
J. Catal., 214(1), 15-25 (2003)
Infrared spectra of acetonitrile and acetonitrile-d3.
Pace EL and Noe LJ.
J. Chem. Phys. , 49, 5317-5325 (1968)

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