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A7127

Sigma-Aldrich

Agmatine sulfate salt

≥97%, powder

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Synonym(s):
1-Amino-4-guanidinobutane sulfate salt, 4-Guanidinobutylamine sulfate salt, N-(4-Aminobutyl)guanidine sulfate salt
Linear Formula:
H2N(CH2)4NHC(=NH)NH2·H2SO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
228.27
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
3918807
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32

Quality Level

assay

≥97%

form

powder

color

white to off-white

mp

234-238 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 50 mg/mL
ethanol: insoluble

SMILES string

OS(O)(=O)=O.NCCCCNC(N)=N

InChI

1S/C5H14N4.H2O4S/c6-3-1-2-4-9-5(7)8;1-5(2,3)4/h1-4,6H2,(H4,7,8,9);(H2,1,2,3,4)

InChI key

PTAYFGHRDOMJGC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Agmatine sulfate salt has been used:
  • to study its effects on nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation and cytokine responses in sub-chronic restraint stress rat models
  • as an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor blocker to study its therapeutic effects on autistic behaviors in the valproic acid-induced animal model of autism
  • as a standard to determine the bioactive amines in vegetables by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)

Biochem/physiol Actions

Agmatine is a decarboxylated arginine that is present ubiquitously in all living organisms. It is found in food sources such as plant source food and animal products. It exhibits cryoprotective effects against several body functions such as nephroprotection, neuroprotection, gastroprotection, and cardioprotection. Agmatine also exhibits therapeutic effects against neurotrauma, neuropathic pain, diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases, and psychiatric diseases. It is involved in blocking many ionic channels such as ATP-sensitive K+ channels and voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. Agmatine modulates nitric oxide production and inhibits matrix metalloproteases.
Putative endogenous neurotransmitter at imidazoline receptors; displaces clonidine at α2-adrenergic and at imidazoline receptors; blocks NMDA-activated ion channels in hippocampal neurons.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)


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