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91077C

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Insulin, Human Recombinant

dry powder, for research or for further manufacturing use

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Synonym(s):
Insulin sodium salt human, rh-Insulin
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.77

form

dry powder

potency

≥27.5 units per mg

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

≤1.0 EU/mL endotoxin

solubility

water: 10 mg/mL (pH 2.0—2.5)

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

InChI key

PBGKTOXHQIOBKM-FHFVDXKLSA-N

Gene Information

human ... INS(3630)

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This Item
11376497001I0908I3536
vibrant-m

91077C

Insulin, Human Recombinant

vibrant-m

11376497001

Insulin, human

vibrant-m

I0908

Insulin human

vibrant-m

I3536

Insulin human

potency

≥27.5 units per mg

potency

-

potency

≥27.5 units/mg (dry)

potency

≥25 USP units per mg

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

form

dry powder

form

lyophilized (clear, colorless solution after reconstitution)

form

solid

form

lyophilized powder

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

-

shipped in

-

shipped in

ambient

Gene Information

human ... INS(3630)

Gene Information

human ... INS(3630)

Gene Information

human ... INS(3630)

Gene Information

human ... INS(3630)

General description

Insulin, recombinant human (rHu) is identical in function and structure to the native human sequence. A hormone consisting of two polypeptide chains, rHu Insulin′s A-chain (21 amino acids) and B-chain (30 amino acids) are covalently linked by disulfide bonds between cysteine residues. This genetically engineered human insulin is a full sequence molecule producted by recombinant DNA technology in baker′s yeast.

Application

Serum-free medium supplements such as insulin are essential for long-term growth of commonly used mammalian cell lines. When insulin is absent from media, cell may exhibit disturbances in morphology and growth rate.
  • Recombinant Human Insulin has been used in the media for adipogenic induction of mesenchymal stem cells.
  • It has been used as a supplement in the cell culture media of airway epithelial cells.
  • It has been used in the culture media for differentiation of cells, GLUT4 (glucose transporter type 4) translocation assay and to study interaction of insulin with insulin receptor via surface plasmon resonance.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Two-chain polypeptide hormone produced by the β-cells of pancreatic islets. Its molecular weight is ~5800 Da. The α and β chains are joined by two interchain disulfide bonds. The α chain contains an intrachain disulfide bond. Insulin regulates the cellular uptake, utilization, and storage of glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids and inhibits the breakdown of glycogen, protein, and fat.

Other Notes

InChI: 1S/C257H383N65O77S6/c1-29-131(23)205(313-193(339)104-259)252(393)317-204(130(21)22)248(389)288-159(75-82-200(349)350)217(358)282-156(71-78-189(263)335)221(362)308-183-116-403-404-117-184-243(384)305-178(111-324)240(381)294-162(88-123(7)8)225(366)295-168(95-140-53-61-146(329)62-54-140)228(369)283-154(69-76-187(261)333)218(359)290-161(87-122(5)6)223(364)285-158(74-81-199(347)348)220(361)302-174(101-190(264)336)235(376)298-170(97-142-57-65-148(331)66-58-142)231(372)309-182(242(383)304-176(255(396)397)103-192(266)338)115-402-400-113-180(307-226(367)163(89-124(9)10)291-232(373)172(99-144-105-269-119-275-144)300-219(360)155(70-77-188(262)334)284-234(375)175(102-191(265)337)303-249(390)201(127(15)16)314-211(352)150(260)92-137-44-34-31-35-45-137)213(354)274-109-196(342)280-177(110-323)239(380)301-173(100-145-106-270-120-276-145)233(374)293-165(91-126(13)14)237(378)315-202(128(17)18)247(388)287-157(73-80-198(345)346)215(356)277-133(25)210(351)289-160(86-121(3)4)224(365)296-169(96-141-55-63-147(330)64-56-141)229(370)292-164(90-125(11)12)236(377)316-203(129(19)20)250(391)311-181(114-401-405-118-185(310-244(183)385)245(386)319-207(134(26)326)253(394)306-179(112-325)241(382)318-206(132(24)30-2)251(392)312-184)214(355)273-107-194(340)278-153(72-79-197(343)344)216(357)281-151(51-42-84-271-257(267)268)212(353)272-108-195(341)279-166(93-138-46-36-32-37-47-138)227(368)297-167(94-139-48-38-33-39-49-139)230(371)299-171(98-143-59-67-149(332)68-60-143)238(379)320-208(135(27)327)254(395)322-85-43-52-186(322)246(387)286-152(50-40-41-83-258)222(363)321-209(136(28)328)256(398)399/h31-39,44-49,53-68,105-106,119-136,150-186,201-209,323-332H,29-30,40-43,50-52,69-104,107-118,258-260H2,1-28H3,(H2,261,333)(H2,262,334)(H2,263,335)(H2,264,336)(H2,265,337)(H2,266,338)(H,269,275)(H,270,276)(H,272,353)(H,273,355)(H,274,354)(H,277,356)(H,278,340)(H,279,341)(H,280,342)(H,281,357)(H,282,358)(H,283,369)(H,284,375)(H,285,364)(H,286,387)(H,287,388)(H,288,389)(H,289,351)(H,290,359)(H,291,373)(H,292,370)(H,293,374)(H,294,381)(H,295,366)(H,296,365)(H,297,368)(H,298,376)(H,299,371)(H,300,360)(H,301,380)(H,302,361)(H,303,390)(H,304,383)(H,305,384)(H,306,394)(H,307,367)(H,308,362)(H,309,372)(H,310,385)(H,311,391)(H,312,392)(H,313,339)(H,314,352)(H,315,378)(H,316,377)(H,317,393)(H,318,382)(H,319,386)(H,320,379)(H,321,363)(H,343,344)(H,345,346)(H,347,348)(H,349,350)(H,396,397)(H,398,399)(H4,267,268,271)

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Glucocorticoids Distinctively Modulate the CFTR Channel with Possible Implications in Lung Development and Transition into Extrauterine Life.
Laube M, et al.
PLoS ONE, 10, e0124833-e0124833 (2015)
Tracey Pirali et al.
ChemMedChem, 12(18), 1542-1554 (2017-09-01)
Activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway is a key signaling event in cancer, inflammation, and other proliferative diseases. PI3K inhibitors are already approved for some specific clinical indications, but their systemic on-target toxicity limits their larger use. In particular
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General and comparative endocrinology, 281, 137-144 (2019-06-10)
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Senthil Raja Jayapal et al.
Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.), 15(22), 3070-3081 (2016-09-23)
Cyclin A2 is an essential gene for development and in haematopoietic stem cells and therefore its functions in definitive erythropoiesis have not been investigated. We have ablated cyclin A2 in committed erythroid progenitors in vivo using erythropoietin receptor promoter-driven Cre
Felix Weis et al.
Nature communications, 9(1), 4420-4420 (2018-10-26)
Understanding the structural biology of the insulin receptor and how it signals is of key importance in the development of insulin analogs to treat diabetes. We report here a cryo-electron microscopy structure of a single insulin bound to a physiologically

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