• Citrullinated Inhibitor of DNA Binding 1 Is a Novel Autoantigen in Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Citrullinated Inhibitor of DNA Binding 1 Is a Novel Autoantigen in Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.) (2019-03-13)
Ray A Ohara, Gautam Edhayan, Stephanie M Rasmussen, Takeo Isozaki, Henriette A Remmer, Thomas M Lanigan, Phillip L Campbell, Andrew G Urquhart, Jeffrey N Lawton, Kevin C Chung, David A Fox, Jeffrey H Ruth

To explore the intrinsic role of inhibitor of DNA binding 1 (ID-1) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) and to investigate whether ID-1 is citrullinated and autoantigenic in RA. RA patient serum ID-1 levels were measured before and after infliximab treatment. RA FLS were transfected with a clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 construct targeting ID-1 to examine the effects of ID-1 deletion. RA synovial fluid (SF) and homogenized synovial tissue (ST) were immunoprecipitated for ID-1 and measured for citrullinated residues using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blotting. Liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was performed on in vitro-citrullinated recombinant human ID-1 (cit-ID-1) to localize the sites of citrullination. Normal and RA sera and SF were analyzed by immunodot blotting for anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) to cit-ID-1. RA patient serum ID-1 levels positively correlated with several disease parameters and were reduced after infliximab treatment. RA FLS displayed reduced growth and a robust increase in interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-8 production upon deletion of ID-1. ID-1 immunodepletion significantly reduced the levels of citrullinated residues in RA SF, and citrullinated ID-1 was detected in homogenized RA ST (n = 5 samples; P < 0.05). Immunodot blot analyses revealed ACPAs to cit-ID-1 but not to native ID-1, in RA peripheral blood (PB) sera (n = 30 samples; P < 0.001) and SF (n = 18 samples; P < 0.05) but not in normal PB sera. Following analyses of LC-MS/MS results for citrullination sites and corresponding reactivity in immunodot assays, we determined the critical arginines in ID-1 for autoantigenicity: R33, R52, and R121. Novel roles of ID-1 in RA include regulation of FLS proliferation and cytokine secretion as well as autoantigenicity following citrullination.