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  • Synthetic Environmentally Friendly Castor Oil Based-Polyurethane with Carbon Black as a Microphase Separation Promoter.

Synthetic Environmentally Friendly Castor Oil Based-Polyurethane with Carbon Black as a Microphase Separation Promoter.

Polymers (2019-08-15)
Jia-Wun Li, Wen-Chin Tsen, Chi-Hui Tsou, Maw-Cherng Suen, Chih-Wei Chiu
ABSTRACT

This study created water polyurethane (WPU) prepolymer by using isophorone diisocyanate, castor oil, dimethylolpropionic acid, and triethanolamine (TEA) as the hard segment, soft segment, hydrophilic group, and neutralizer, respectively. TEA, deionized water, and carbon black (CB) were added to the prepolymer under high-speed rotation to create an environmentally friendly vegetable-oil-based polyurethane. CB served as the fortifier and promoter of microphase separation. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was performed to elucidate the role of H-bond interactions within the CB/WPUs. Additionally, atomic force microscopy was conducted to determine the influence of H-bond interactions on the degree of microphase separation in the WPU. Furthermore, this study used four-point probe observation to discover the materials' conductivity of CB in the WPU. Thermogravimetric analysis and dynamic mechanical analysis were performed to measure the thermal properties of the CB/WPUs. The mechanical properties of CB/WPUs were measured using a tensile testing machine. The CB/WPUs were also soaked in 1 wt.% NaOH solution for different amounts of time to determine the degradation properties of the CB/WPUs. Finally, scanning electron microscopy was performed to observe the topography of the CB/WPUs after degradation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
2,2-Bis(hydroxymethyl)propionic acid, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Isophorone diisocyanate, 98%, mixture of isomers