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  • p38α MAPK antagonizing JNK to control the hepatic fat accumulation in pediatric patients onset intestinal failure.

p38α MAPK antagonizing JNK to control the hepatic fat accumulation in pediatric patients onset intestinal failure.

Cell death & disease (2017-10-13)
Yongtao Xiao, Jun Wang, Weihui Yan, Kejun Zhou, Yi Cao, Wei Cai
ABSTRACT

The p38α mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) has been related to gluconeogenesis and lipid metabolism. However, the roles and related mechanisms of p38α MAPK in intestinal failure (IF)-associated liver steatosis remained poor understood. Here, our experimental evidence suggested that p38α MAPK significantly suppressed the fat accumulation in livers of IF patients mainly through two mechanisms. On the one hand, p38α MAPK increased hepatic bile acid (BA) synthesis by upregulating the expression of the rate-limiting enzyme cholesterol 7-α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), which in turn activated the transcription of the CYP7A1. On the other hand, p38α MAPK promoted fatty acid (FA) β-oxidation via upregulating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) and its transcriptional target genes carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) and peroxisomal acyl-coenzyme aoxidase 1 (ACOX1). Dual luciferase assays indicated that p38α MAPK increased the transcription of PPARα, PGC-1α and CYP7A1 by upregulating their promoters' activities. In addition, in vitro and in vivo assays indicated p38α MAPK negatively regulates the hepatic steatosis by controlling JNK activation. In conculsion, our findings demonstrate that hepatic p38α MAPK functions as a negative regulator of liver steatosis in maintaining BA synthesis and FAO by antagonizing the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK).

MATERIALS
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Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Cyp7a1 Antibody, clone 15B9.1, clone 15B9.1, from mouse