MilliporeSigma
  • Increased lactate dehydrogenase activity is dispensable in squamous carcinoma cells of origin.

Increased lactate dehydrogenase activity is dispensable in squamous carcinoma cells of origin.

Nature communications (2019-01-11)
A Flores, S Sandoval-Gonzalez, R Takahashi, A Krall, L Sathe, L Wei, C Radu, J H Joly, N A Graham, H R Christofk, W E Lowry
ABSTRACT

Although numerous therapeutic strategies have attempted to target aerobic glycolysis to inhibit tumor progression, these approaches have not resulted in effective clinical outcomes. Murine squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) can be initiated by hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs). HFSCs utilize aerobic glycolysis, and the activity of lactate dehydrogenase (Ldh) is essential for HFSC activation. We sought to determine whether Ldh activity in SCC is critical for tumorigenesis or simply a marker of the cell type of origin. Genetic abrogation or induction of Ldh activity in HFSC-mediated tumorigenesis shows no effect on tumorigenesis as measured by number, time to formation, proliferation, volume, epithelial to mesenchymal transition, gene expression, or immune response. Ldha-null tumors show dramatically reduced levels of glycolytic metabolites by metabolomics, and significantly reduced glucose uptake by FDG-PET live animal imaging. These results suggest that squamous cancer cells of origin do not require increased glycolytic activity to generate cancers.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-MPC1 antibody produced in rabbit, Prestige Antibodies® Powered by Atlas Antibodies, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous glycerol solution