MilliporeSigma
  • Donecopride, a Swiss army knife with potential against Alzheimer's disease.

Donecopride, a Swiss army knife with potential against Alzheimer's disease.

British journal of pharmacology (2019-12-28)
Christophe Rochais, Cédric Lecoutey, Katia Hamidouche, Patrizia Giannoni, Florence Gaven, Eleazere Cem, Serge Mignani, Kevin Baranger, Thomas Freret, Joël Bockaert, Santiago Rivera, Michel Boulouard, Patrick Dallemagne, Sylvie Claeysen
ABSTRACT

We recently identified donecopride as a pleiotropic compound able to inhibit AChE and to activate 5-HT4 receptors. Here, we have assessed the potential therapeutic effects of donecopride in treating Alzheimer's disease (AD). We used two in vivo animal models of AD, transgenic 5XFAD mice and mice exposed to soluble amyloid-β peptides and, in vitro, primary cultures of rat hippocampal neurons. Pro-cognitive and anti-amnesic effects were evaluated with novel object recognition, Y-maze, and Morris water maze tests. Amyloid load in mouse brain was measured ex vivo and effects of soluble amyloid-β peptides on neuronal survival and neurite formation determined in vitro. In vivo, chronic (3 months) administration of donecopride displayed potent anti-amnesic properties in the two mouse models of AD, preserving learning capacities, including working and long-term spatial memories. These behavioural effects were accompanied by decreased amyloid aggregation in the brain of 5XFAD mice and, in cultures of rat hippocampal neurons, reduced tau hyperphosphorylation. In vitro, donecopride increased survival in neuronal cultures exposed to soluble amyloid-β peptides, improved the neurite network and provided neurotrophic benefits, expressed as the formation of new synapses. Donecopride acts like a Swiss army knife, exhibiting a range of sustainable symptomatic therapeutic effects and potential disease-modifying effects in models of AD. Clinical trials with this promising drug candidate will soon be undertaken to confirm its therapeutic potential in humans.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L), CF 568 antibody produced in goat, ~2 mg/mL, affinity isolated antibody
Sigma-Aldrich
Thioflavine S, practical grade