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  • Generation of therapeutic T lymphocytes from tumor-bearing mice by in vitro sensitization. Culture requirements and characterization of immunologic specificity.

Generation of therapeutic T lymphocytes from tumor-bearing mice by in vitro sensitization. Culture requirements and characterization of immunologic specificity.

Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) (1988-04-01)
T Chou, A E Chang, S Y Shu
ABSTRACT

We have previously established an in vitro sensitization (IVS) procedure with which lymphocytes from tumor-bearing mice could be expanded and sensitized to acquire antitumor reactivity capable of mediating the regression of established pulmonary metastases from the weakly immunogenic MCA 105 murine sarcoma. Culture conditions required for the optimal generation of therapeutic effector cells were evaluated in the current study. Generation of effector cells by IVS required stimulation by intact tumor cells. Tumor cells killed by heat or disrupted by sonication were ineffective, but the antigenicity of tumor cells was not affected by gamma-irradiation. Long term established tumor cell lines could also serve as antigenic stimulator cells albeit with lower efficiency than fresh tumor cells. IL-2 was essential for cellular proliferation during IVS. The concentration of 1000 U/ml of IL-2 also induced nonspecific lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) activity. However, cytotoxic cells were generated during IVS in response to a broad range of IL-2 concentrations. At low IL-2 concentrations (2 to 10 U/ml), IVS cells were generated which displayed little or no LAK activity, had a greater therapeutic efficacy than those generated with high concentrations of IL-2 (100 to 1000 U/ml). Despite having high LAK activity, IVS cells, from cultures where IL-2 was added 3 or more days after initiation, had no therapeutic effect. Thus, the generation of therapeutic cells occurred independently of LAK cell production. Adoptive immunotherapy with IVS cells from MCA 105 tumor-bearing mice demonstrated cross-reactivity with the immunologically distinct MCA 106 but not the nonimmunogenic MCA 102 tumor. In contrast, IVS cells from MCA 106 tumor-bearing mice exhibited specific in vivo reactivity. In vitro cytotoxicity analyses revealed that IVS cells from MCA 105 and MCA 106 tumor-bearing mice were able to lyse both MCA 105 and MCA 106 target cells, but the reactivity toward inoculating tumors was highest. Considering previous findings that the MCA 105 and MCA 106 sarcomas possessed distinct tumor-specific transplantation Ag, the cross-reactivity observed in this study suggests that the immune response during progressive tumor growth may be different from that elicited in response to active immunization.

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MCA205 Mouse Fibrosarcoma Cell Line, MCA205 mouse fibrosarcoma cell line is an excellent model for studying immune response to tumor cells and the development of targeted cancer immunotherapies.