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  • Association of dry skin with intercellular lipid composition of stratum corneum after erlotinib administration.

Association of dry skin with intercellular lipid composition of stratum corneum after erlotinib administration.

Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology (2020-07-16)
Tomonobu Uchino, Hiyori Fujino, Daichi Kamiya, Tomonori Suzuki, Yasunori Miyazaki, Kazuhiro Asada, Toshihiro Shirai, Hiroaki Yagi, Yuko Sano, Mutsumi Moriki, Hajime Mizuno, Kenichiro Todoroki, Midori Kimura, Yoshiyuki Kagawa
ABSTRACT

Erlotinib, an inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase, causes skin disorders such as dry skin, which impairs the skin barrier function. Stratum corneum (SC) lipids play an important role in skin barrier function; therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between erlotinib-related dry skin and changes in the intercellular lipid composition and structure of the SC. Overall, 21 patients with non-small lung cancer were enrolled in this study. All patients received 150 mg/day erlotinib orally. A SC sample of each patient was collected from the inner forearm using the tape stripping method on days 0, 7, 14, 28, and 56 after erlotinib administration. The intercellular lipid components of ceramide (CER), free fatty acid (FFA), and cholesterol sulfate (CS) in samples extracted from the tape were analyzed using liquid chromatography/time-of-flight/mass spectrometry. SC samples from six healthy subjects were collected as controls on days 0, 28 and 56 and analyzed similarly. Although total CER and FFA levels were not changed after erlotinib administration, the levels of CER subclasses [AP] and [AH] and hydroxy FFA, which are structural components of CER subclass [A], decreased. In contrast, the CS levels increased after erlotinib administration. Moreover, higher CS levels in the SC correlated with the clinical condition of dry skin. No changes were observed in the SC lipid composition in healthy subjects. Erlotinib-related dry skin was associated with a higher CS level in the SC.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Melissic acid, ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Lignoceric acid, ≥99% (GC)