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  • Acoustic overstimulation modifies Mcl-1 expression in cochlear sensory epithelial cells.

Acoustic overstimulation modifies Mcl-1 expression in cochlear sensory epithelial cells.

Journal of neuroscience research (2010-01-22)
Bo Hua Hu, Qunfeng Cai
ABSTRACT

Acoustic overstimulation causes apoptotic cell death in the cochlea. This death process is mediated, in part, by the mitochondrial signaling pathway involving Bcl-2 family proteins. Myeloid cell leukemia sequence 1 (Mcl-l) is an antiapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family. Its involvement in noise-induced hair cell death has not been characterized. Here we report the endogenous expression and the noise-induced expression of Mcl-1 in Sprague Dawley rat cochleae. In the sensory epithelia of normal cochleae, there is strong constitutive expression of Mcl-1 mRNA, with an expression level higher than that of many other Bcl-2 family genes. The Mcl-1 protein is preferentially expressed in outer hair cells. After exposure to a high level of continuous noise at 115-dB sound pressure level for 1 hr, Mcl-1 expression displays a time-dependent alteration, with up-regulation of Mcl-1 mRNA at 4 hr postexposure and protein up-regulation at 1 day postexposure. Western blot analysis reveals the up-regulated Mcl-1 as the full-length form of Mcl-1. Immunolabeling of the Mcl-1 protein reveals the early increase in Mcl-1 immunoreactivity in the nuclear region of the hair cells displaying apoptotic phenotypes and a subsequent increase in survival hair cells. These results suggest that Mcl-1 is involved in the regulation of hair cell pathogenesis resulting from acoustic stress, possibly by influencing the nuclear events of apoptosis.

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CaspaTag Caspase 3,7 In Situ Assay Kit, Fluorescein, The In Situ Caspase Detection Kit for Flow Cytometry use a novel approach to detect active caspases. The methodology is based on Fluorochrome Inhibitors of Caspases (FLICA).