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  • Strongylocentrotus nudos Egg Polysaccharide induces autophagy and apoptosis in leukaemia cells by regulating mitochondrial function.

Strongylocentrotus nudos Egg Polysaccharide induces autophagy and apoptosis in leukaemia cells by regulating mitochondrial function.

Journal of cellular and molecular medicine (2020-12-09)
Chong Wang, Mengya Li, Lingling Li, Xiaohui Shen, Yanfang Liu, Shujuan Wang
ABSTRACT

In this study, we investigated the ability of the Polysaccharide from the Eggs of Strongylocentrotus nudus (SEP) to regulate cellular autophagy and apoptosis in leukaemia cells. Human acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) cells (HL60) and murine AML cells (L1210) treated with SEP were used to assess viability using Cell Counting Kit-8, cytotoxicity by measuring lactate dehydrogenase release, the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by DCFH-DA staining. In addition, we utilized a mouse model of leukaemia in which L1210 cells were injected into DBA/2 mice by sub-axillary injection. Treatment with SEP decreased cell viability, increased in cytotoxicity and increased the release of ROS in a dose-dependent manner. SEP treatment was also associated with the activation of pro-apoptotic proteins cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-9 and cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Activation of the apoptotic pathway led to the release of cytochrome C (CytoC) into the cytosol of the cell resulting in decreased membrane potential. The effect of SEP treatment was depended on the activation of the nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signalling pathway as SEP treatment led to an increase in NF-κB phosphorylation, and inhibition of NF-κB signalling using PDTC blocked SEP-mediated activation of apoptosis. Treatment with SEP also prolonged survival time in our leukaemia mouse model and was associated with diminished tumour volume, increased leucocyte and lymphocyte proliferation, promoted pro-inflammatory factor release in serum and enhanced immune function. Taken together, these data suggest that SEP inhibits the progression of leukaemia by initiating mitochondrial dysfunction, autophagy, and apoptosis via the NF-κB signalling pathway.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Streptomycin solution, ~1 mg/mL in 1 mM EDTA, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Dulbecco′s Modified Eagle′s Medium - high glucose, With 4500 mg/L glucose, L-glutamine, and sodium bicarbonate, without sodium pyruvate, liquid, sterile-filtered, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Icilin, ≥97% (HPLC), solid