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  • Green synthesis of graphite from CO2 without graphitization process of amorphous carbon.

Green synthesis of graphite from CO2 without graphitization process of amorphous carbon.

Nature communications (2021-01-07)
Chu Liang, Yun Chen, Min Wu, Kai Wang, Wenkui Zhang, Yongping Gan, Hui Huang, Jian Chen, Yang Xia, Jun Zhang, Shiyou Zheng, Hongge Pan
ABSTRACT

Environmentally benign synthesis of graphite at low temperatures is a great challenge in the absence of transition metal catalysts. Herein, we report a green and efficient approach of synthesizing graphite from carbon dioxide at ultralow temperatures in the absence of transition metal catalysts. Carbon dioxide is converted into graphite submicroflakes in the seconds timescale via reacting with lithium aluminum hydride as the mixture of carbon dioxide and lithium aluminum hydride is heated to as low as 126 °C. Gas pressure-dependent kinetic barriers for synthesizing graphite is demonstrated to be the major reason for our synthesis of graphite without the graphitization process of amorphous carbon. When serving as lithium storage materials, graphite submicroflakes exhibit excellent rate capability and cycling performance with a reversible capacity of ~320 mAh g-1 after 1500 cycles at 1.0 A g-1. This study provides an avenue to synthesize graphite from greenhouse gases at low temperatures.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Lithium aluminum hydride, ≥97.0% (gas-volumetric)