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  • Synthesis of Bio-Based Poly(Butylene Adipate-co-Butylene Itaconate) Copolyesters with Pentaerythritol: A Thermal, Mechanical, Rheological, and Molecular Dynamics Simulation Study.

Synthesis of Bio-Based Poly(Butylene Adipate-co-Butylene Itaconate) Copolyesters with Pentaerythritol: A Thermal, Mechanical, Rheological, and Molecular Dynamics Simulation Study.

Polymers (2020-09-10)
Chin-Wen Chen, Hsu-I Mao, Zhi-Yu Yang, Kuan-Wei Huang, Hao-Chen Yan, Syang-Peng Rwei
ABSTRACT

Bio-based unsaturated poly(butylene adipate-co-butylene itaconate) (PBABI) aliphatic copolyesters were synthesized with pentaerythritol (PE) as a modifier, observing the melting point, crystallization, and glass transition temperatures were decreased from 59.5 to 19.5 °C and 28.2 to -9.1 °C as an increase of itaconate concentration, and Tg ranged from -54.6 to -48.1 °C. PBABI copolyesters tend to the amorphous state by the existence of the BI unit above 40 mol%. The yield strength, elongation, and Young's modulus at different BA/BI ratios were valued in a range of 13.2-13.8 MPa, 575.2-838.5%, and 65.1-83.8 MPa, respectively. Shear-thinning behavior was obtained in all BA/BI ratios of PBABI copolyesters around an angular frequency range of 20-30 rad s-1. Furthermore, the thermal and mechanical properties of PBABI copolyesters can be well regulated via controlling the itaconic acid contents and adding the modifier. PBABI copolyesters can be coated on a 3D air mesh polyester fabric to reinforce the mechanical property for replacing traditional plaster applications.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Pentaerythritol, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
4-Methoxyphenol, ReagentPlus®, 99%