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  • Optimization of in vitro embryo production and zygote vitrification for the indigenous Vietnamese Ban pig: The effects of different in vitro oocyte maturation systems.

Optimization of in vitro embryo production and zygote vitrification for the indigenous Vietnamese Ban pig: The effects of different in vitro oocyte maturation systems.

Animal science journal = Nihon chikusan Gakkaiho (2020-07-04)
Nhung Thi Nguyen, Nguyen Xuan Bui, Viet Linh Nguyen, Van Khanh Nguyen, Kazuhiro Kikuchi, Hiep Thi Nguyen, Hong Thi Nguyen, Hoang Thinh Nguyen, Quyen Van Dong, Hoang Ha Chu, Ngo Thi Kim Cuc, Tamas Somfai
ABSTRACT

The Vietnamese Ban pig is a precious genetic resource that needs to be preserved. In vitro embryo production from in vitro matured (IVM) oocytes is an important tool for the utilization of cryopreserved porcine sperm. The aim of this study was to compare two media for the IVM of Ban pig oocytes. Immature oocytes were subjected to IVM either in a non-defined (TCM-199 + pig follicular fluid) or in a defined base medium (POM + epidermal growth factor). At the end of IVM, the oocytes were in vitro fertilized (IVF) with frozen Ban sperm. Ten hours after IVF, the oocytes were either subjected to orcein staining to check fertilization and maturation status or cultured in vitro for 7 days. There was no difference between the two IVM media in terms of percentages of oocyte maturation and blastocyst production. However, the percentage of male pronuclear formation after IVF and the total cell numbers in blastocysts were higher with the defined system. Zygotes obtained by the two IVM systems survived vitrification at similar rates. In conclusion, the two IVM systems were both effective for the production of Ban pig embryos; however, better embryo quality was achieved with the defined one.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Polyvinylpyrrolidone, powder, BioXtra, suitable for mouse embryo cell culture