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  • G5G2.5 core-shell tecto-dendrimer specifically targets reactive glia in brain ischemia.

G5G2.5 core-shell tecto-dendrimer specifically targets reactive glia in brain ischemia.

Journal of neurochemistry (2017-12-28)
Veronica Murta, Priscila Schilrreff, Gerardo Rosciszewski, Maria Jose Morilla, Alberto Javier Ramos
ABSTRACT

Secondary neuronal death is a serious stroke complication. This process is facilitated by the conversion of glial cells to the reactive pro-inflammatory phenotype that induces neurodegeneration. Therefore, regulation of glial activation is a compelling strategy to reduce brain damage after stroke. However, drugs have difficulties to access the CNS, and to specifically target glial cells. In the present work, we explored the use core-shell polyamidoamine tecto-dendrimer (G5G2.5 PAMAM) and studied its ability to target distinct populations of stroke-activated glial cells. We found that G5G2.5 tecto-dendrimer is actively engulfed by primary glial cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner showing high cellular selectivity and lysosomal localization. In addition, oxygen-glucose deprivation or lipopolysaccharides exposure in vitro and brain ischemia in vivo increase glial G5G2.5 uptake; not being incorporated by neurons or other cell types. We conclude that G5G2.5 tecto-dendrimer is a highly suitable carrier for targeted drug delivery to reactive glial cells in vitro and in vivo after brain ischemia.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Lithium chloride, for molecular biology, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Sephadex® G-25, BioReagent, for molecular biology, DNA grade, Superfine