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  • Transcriptomic Analysis Reveals that Atf3/c-Jun/Lgals3 axis is associated with Central Diabetes Insipidus after Hypothalamic Injury.

Transcriptomic Analysis Reveals that Atf3/c-Jun/Lgals3 axis is associated with Central Diabetes Insipidus after Hypothalamic Injury.

Neuroendocrinology (2021-11-12)
Mingfeng Zhou, Yichao Ou, Guangsen Wu, Kai Li, Junjie Peng, Xingqin Wang, Mengjie Che, Haodong Gong, Peirong Niu, Yawei Liu, Zhanpeng Feng, Songtao Qi
ABSTRACT

Hypothalamic injury causes several complicated neuroendocrine-associated disorders, such as water-electrolyte imbalance, obesity, and hypopituitarism. Among these, central diabetes insipidus (CDI), characterized by polyuria, polydipsia, low urine specific gravity, and deficiency of arginine vasopressin contents, is a typical complication after hypothalamic injury. CDI was induced by hypothalamic pituitary stalk injury in male animals. Behavioral parameters and blood sample were collected to evaluate the characteristics of body fluid metabolism imbalance. The brains were harvested for high-throughput RNA sequencing and immunostaining to identify pathophysiological changes in corresponding hypothalamic nuclei. Based on transcriptomic analysis, we demonstrated the upregulation of the Atf3/c-Jun axis and identified Lgals3, a microglial activation related gene, as the most significant target gene in response to the body fluid imbalance in CDI. Furthermore, we found that the microglia possessed elevated phagocytic ability, which could promote the elimination of arginine vasopressin neurons after hypothalamic injury. Our findings suggested that the Atf3/c-Jun/Lgals3 axis was associated with the microglial activation, and might participate in the loss of functional arginine vasopressin neurons in CDI after hypothalamic injury.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Vasopressin Antibody, serum, Chemicon®
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Neurophysin 2/NP-AVP Antibody, clone PS 41, clone PS 41, from mouse