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  • Lack of miRNA-17 family mediates high glucose-induced PAR-1 upregulation in glomerular mesangial cells.

Lack of miRNA-17 family mediates high glucose-induced PAR-1 upregulation in glomerular mesangial cells.

Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology (2021-11-19)
Zhuang-Zhuang Tang, Pan-Pan Gu, Xiao-Fei An, Ling-Shan Gou, Yao-Wu Liu
ABSTRACT

Upregulation of thrombin receptor protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR-1) is verified to contribute to chronic kidney diseases, including diabetic nephropathy; however, the mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of PAR-1 on high glucose-induced proliferation of human glomerular mesangial cells (HMCs), and explored the mechanism of PAR-1 upregulation from alteration of microRNAs. We found that high glucose stimulated proliferation of the mesangial cells whereas PAR-1 inhibition with vorapaxar attenuated the cell proliferation. Moreover, high glucose upregulated PAR-1 in mRNA level and protein expression while did not affect the enzymatic activity of thrombin in HMCs after 48 h culture. Then high glucose induced PAR-1 elevation was likely due to the alteration of the transcription or post-transcriptional processing. It was found that miR-17 family members including miR-17-5p, -20a-5p, and -93-5p were significantly decreased among the eight detected microRNAs only in high glucose-cultured HMCs, but miR-129-5p, miR-181a-5p, and miR-181b-5p were markedly downregulated in both high glucose-cultured HMCs and equivalent osmotic press control compared with normal glucose culture. So miR-20a was selected to confirm the role of miR-17 family on PAR-1 upregulation, finding that miR-20a-5p overexpression reversed the upregulation of PAR-1 in mRNA and protein levels induced by high glucose in HMCs. In summary, our finding indicated that PAR-1 upregulation mediated proliferation of glomerular mesangial cells induced by high glucose, and deficiency of miR-17 family resulted in PAR-1 upregulation.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-PAR1 (Cleaved-Ser42), N-Terminal antibody produced in rabbit, affinity isolated antibody