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  • 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D Maintains Brush Border Membrane NaPi2a and Attenuates Phosphaturia in Hyp Mice.

1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D Maintains Brush Border Membrane NaPi2a and Attenuates Phosphaturia in Hyp Mice.

Endocrinology (2019-06-27)
Janaina S Martins, Eva S Liu, W Bruce Sneddon, Peter A Friedman, Marie B Demay
ABSTRACT

Phosphate homeostasis is critical for many cellular processes and is tightly regulated. The sodium-dependent phosphate cotransporter, NaPi2a, is the major regulator of urinary phosphate reabsorption in the renal proximal tubule. Its activity is dependent upon its brush border localization that is regulated by fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) and PTH. High levels of FGF23, as are seen in the Hyp mouse model of human X-linked hypophosphatemia, lead to renal phosphate wasting. Long-term treatment of Hyp mice with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25D) or 1,25D analogues has been shown to improve renal phosphate wasting in the setting of increased FGF23 mRNA expression. Studies were undertaken to define the cellular and molecular basis for this apparent FGF23 resistance. 1,25D increased FGF23 protein levels in the cortical bone and circulation of Hyp mice but did not impair FGF23 cleavage. 1,25D attenuated urinary phosphate wasting as early as one hour postadministration, without suppressing FGF23 receptor/coreceptor expression. Although 1,25D treatment induced expression of early growth response 1, an early FGF23 responsive gene required for its phosphaturic effects, it paradoxically enhanced renal phosphate reabsorption and NaPi2a protein expression in renal brush border membranes (BBMs) within one hour. The Na-H+ exchange regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) is a scaffolding protein thought to anchor NaPi2a to the BBM. Although 1,25D did not alter NHERF1 protein levels acutely, it enhanced NHERF1-NaPi2a interactions in Hyp mice. 1,25D also prevented the decrease in NHERF1/NaPi2a interactions in PTH-treated wild-type mice. Thus, these investigations identify a novel role for 1,25D in the hormonal regulation of renal phosphate handling.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (6,19,19-d3) solution, 5 μg/mL in ethanol, 97 atom % D, 96% (CP)